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|WSE060||Fennel seed Foeniculum vulgare|
Adas, Barisaunf, Common Fennel, Fenchel, Fenkel, Fenouil, Finocchio, Florence Fennel, Hinojo, Jintan manis, Large Cumin, Large Fennel, Madhurika, Marathon, Sonf, Sweet Cumin, Sweet Fennel, Wild Fennel, Wooi heung
Fennel seeds split into two, one sometimes remaining on the stalk. They are 4 -8 mm (1/8 - 5/16 in) long, thin and curved, with colour varying from brown to light green (the green being superior).
Bouquet: warm, sweet and aromatic
Flavour: similar to a mild anise
In the first century, Pliny noted that after snakes had shed their skins, they ate fennel to restore their sight. It has since been used as a wash for eyestrain and irritations. Chinese and Hindus used it as a snake bite remedy. It is carminative, a weak diuretic and mild stimulant. The oil is added to purgative medication to prevent intestinal colic. Fennel was once used to stimulate lactation. It allays hunger and was thought to be a cure for obesity in Renaissance Europe. It should not be used in high dosages as it causes muscular spasms and hallucinations.
As a herb, fennel leaves are used in French and Italian cuisine’s in sauces for fish and in mayonnaise. In Italy fennel is also used to season pork roasts and spicy sausages, especially the Florentine salami finocchiona. It is traditionally considered one of the best herbs for fish dishes. The English use fennel seeds in almost all fish dishes, especially as a court bouillon for poaching fish and seafood. It is used to flavour breads, cakes and confectionery. It is an ingredient of Chinese Five Spices and of some curry powders. Several liquors are flavoured with fennel, including fennouillette, akvavit, gin and was used in distilling absinthe.
|ESS021||Fennel sweet essential oil Foeniculum vulgare dulce|
|ESS163||Fennel bitter essential oil Foeniculum vulgare amara|
|ESS174||Fennel sweet essential oil Foeniculum vulgare dulce|
|TIN062||Fennel seed tincture Foeniculum vulgare|
|1:3 45%||Western Tinctures|
|FLE095||Fennel seed fluid extract Foeniculum vulgare|
|1:1 45%||Fluid extracts|
|GSP018||Fennel - ground Foeniculum vulgare|